Uganda has become the first African state to receive Afghanistan refugees. According to the nations leading media houses, the Afghans arrived at Entebbe Airport today the 25th August, 2021.
The minister of internal affairs announced that the refugees shall reside in hotels around Kampala as their conditions are closely watched by authorities.
The media has also tasked the Kampala administrationto explain whether there are no Ugandans that are stack in the war torn Afghanistan. This was confirmed by the foreign affairs ministry as preparations to house the Afghanistan refugees are on going.
Rwanda has promised to host Afghanistan girls into her territory to help them further their education. This comes at a time that the Taliban have asked the US and her allies to stop evacuating skilled Afghanistans from their territory. The Taliban have given this week as the ultimate time for the US and her allies to vacate all their forces from Afghanistan and Kabul in particular. The US had slated this week to end their mission in this war torn country. However, the UK and Turkey have asked the US to keep in Afghanistan until all humanitarian efforts are completed. Ugandan government critics have asked their government to consider improving the welfare of their people too instead of minding only about the refugees. Uganda is globally ranked among the most hospitable countries for refugees housing refugees from South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo as well as her own internally Displaced people.
In April 2021, President Joe Biden announced that U.S. military forces would leave Afghanistan by September 2021. The Taliban, which had continued to capture and contest territory across the country despite ongoing peace talks with the Afghan government, ramped up attacks on Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) bases and outposts and began to rapidly seize more territory. In May 2021, the U.S. military accelerated the pace of its troop withdrawal. By the end of July 2021, the United States had completed nearly 95 percent of its withdrawal, leaving just 650 troops to protect the U.S. embassy in Kabul.
After the Taliban government refused to hand over terrorist leader Osama bin Laden in the wake of al-Qaeda’s September 11, 2001, attacks, the United States invaded Afghanistan. The Taliban leadership quickly lost control of the country and relocated to southern Afghanistan and across the border to Pakistan. From there, they waged an insurgency against the Western-backed government in Kabul, Afghan national security forces, and international coalition troops.
When the U.S.-led coalition formally ended its combat mission in 2014, the ANDSF was put in charge of Afghanistan’s security. The ANDSF, however, faced significant challenges in holding territory and defending population centers, while the Taliban continued to attack rural districts and carry out suicide attacks in major cities. The war remained largely a stalemate for nearly six years, despite a small U.S. troop increase in 2017, continuing combat missions, and a shift in U.S. military strategy to target Taliban revenue sources, which involved air strikes against drug labs and opium production sites.
The Taliban continued to contest territory, including provincial capitals, across the country. The group briefly seized the capital of Farah Province in May 2018, and in August 2018 it captured the capital of Ghazni Province, holding the city for nearly a week before U.S. and Afghan troops regained control. The ANDSF suffered heavy casualties in recent years.
In February 2020, after more than a year of direct negotiations, the U.S. government and the Taliban signed a peace agreement that set a timeline for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan. Under the agreement, the United States pledged to draw down U.S. troops to approximately 8,500 within 135 days and complete a full withdrawal within fourteen months. In return, the Taliban pledged to prevent territory under its control from being used by terrorist groups and enter into negotiations with the Afghan government. However, no official cease-fire was put into place. After a brief reduction in violence, the Taliban quickly resumed attacks on Afghan security forces and civilians. Direct talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban began months after the agreed upon start of March 2020, faced multiple delays, and ultimately made little progress. Violence across Afghanistan continued in 2020 and 2021 as the United States increased air strikes and raids targeting the Taliban. Meanwhile, the Taliban attacked Afghan government and Afghan security forces targets and made territorial gains.